Behavioural characteristics are the observable reactions, patterns of behaviour, lifestyle changes and changes in relationships.
Crying more than usual.
Being restless, agitated, and/or unable to relax or feeling listless and unmotivated.
Not wanting to socialise or see anybody, or socialising more than usual, so as to fill up every minute of the day.
Not wanting to be alone.
Stuttering or stammering.
Avoiding anything that reminds the survivor of the rape.
Being more easily frightened or startled than usual.
Being very alert and watchful.
Becoming easily upset by small things.
Relationship problems with family, friends, lovers and spouses.
Fear of sex, loss of interest in sex or loss of sexual pleasure.
Changes in lifestyle such as moving house, changing jobs, not functioning at work or at school, or changes to appearance.
Drop in school, occupational or work performance.
Increased substance abuse.
Increased washing or bathing.
Behaving as if the rape didn’t occur, trying to live life as it was before the rape - this is called denial.
Suicide attempts and other self-destructive behaviour such as substance abuse or self- mutilation.